Most forts in Pune are situated a couple of miles from the central city and are on top of the Sahyadri Mountain. The beautiful forts in Pune provide a remarkable way to relive the Maharaja Era and a breathtaking view of the city and the nearby mountain range.
Here is a list of top three forts in Pune that you should visit while you are in the city
The Sinhagad Fort (which literally translates to “The Lion’s fort”) is located merely 30 km from Pune. It has been a witness to several historical battles, including the Battle of Sinhagad in 1671. Sinhagad is located on top of a cliff in the Bhuleswar rage amidst the Western Sahyadris.
History of Sinhagad Fort
The Sinhagad fort in Pune was formerly known as Kondhana. Apart from the scenic views of lush green Sahyadris, this fort in Pune also has a lot of history behind it. The fort fell under the rule of Mohammad bin Tughlaq in 1328 AD. It was attacked by the Mughals in 1662, 1663 and 1665
After he rebelled against the Adilshahi, Shivaji gained control of the fort in 1647. However, he had to give it up to secure the release of his father, Shahaji Bhosale. However, Shivaji regained control of the fort in 1656. Sinhagad remained under the Maratha control till 1689.
The Mughals regained the control of the fort following the death of Shivaji’s son Sambhaji. However, the Marathas did reclaim it intermittently before it was once and for all captured by the British in 1818.
Image Source: MouthShut.com
Opening hours: Open all days 06:00 am to 06:00 pm
Entry fee: Free
Address: Sinhagad Ghat Road, Thoptewadi, Pune, Maharashtra 411025
Approximate visit duration: 3 to 5 hours
Shivneri Fort is the birth place of the great Maratha King Chattrapati Shivaji and is located near Junnar town which is about 95 km north of Pune. It was one of the most important citadels during Maratha rule. Shivaji was born here in the fort on 19 February 1630.
Shivneri is situated at a height of 2,260 ft. and is like the shape of a Shiva-Pind (Divine Phallus). It can be reached by two routes – via stone steps carved out of the rock (which is a rough and extremely dangerous path), and via the second, tourist friendly route.
History of Shivneri Fort
Shivneri Fort has seven doors – Maha Darwaza, Parvangicha Darwaza, Hatti Darwaza, Peer Darwaza, Shipai Darwaza, Phatak Darwaza and Kulambkat Darwaza. The fort also has a Shivai Temple right in front of the main entrance. It also has a huge lake called the Badami Talav, which is surrounded by the remains of quarters and bungalows.
The top of Shivneri Fort provides a breathtaking view of the landscape. It is surrounded by the forts of Narayangad and Harishchandragad in the north and Hadsar, Chavand Jeevdhan and Bhairavgad forts near the vicinity. Five dams – Vadaj, Yedgaon, Pimpalgaon, Manikdoh and Dimbhe – are also near the Shivneri fort and are popular picnic spots.
Shivneri Fort in Pune is also a well-known trekking spot. However, the terrain is quite difficult and you can hire guides from the foothills of the mountain. December to February is the best time to visit the fort.
Opening hours: Open all days from 6 am to 5 pm.
Entry fee: Free
Address: 16 km from Narayangaon, Junnar, Pune, Maharashtra, 410502
Approximate visit duration: 1 to 2 hours
Torna Fort, also called Prachandagad, was the first fort captured by Shivaji Maharaj in 1643. Located at an elevation of 4,603 ft. above sea level, it the highest hill fort in the Pune district. It is around 50 km southwest of Pune in the Sahyadri mountain range of the Western Ghats.
History of Torna Fort
Shaiva Panth, followers of Shiva, are said to have constructed the fort in the 13th century. A temple, called the Tornaji temple is located near the entrance of the fort. At the age of 16, Shivaji captured this fort and renamed it ‘Prachandagad’ and built several monuments and towers inside it.
Following the assassination of Shivaji Maharaj’s son Sambhaji in the 18th century, the Mughal empire briefly gained control of this fort. Aurangzeb renamed this fort Futulgaib. However, the fort was restored to the Maratha confederacy by the Treaty of Purandar.
Image source: TripAdvisor
Torna Fort in Pune is a popular destination for trekkers. Trekking is advised after the south-west monsoon from September to December. You can spot The Raigad, Lingana, Rajgad, Purandar, and Sinhagad forts from the top of the Torna Fort.
Opening hours: Open all days
Entry fee: Free
Address: Rajgad – Torna Trek Path, Charhat Wadi, Maharashtra 412212
Approximate visit duration: 2 to 3 hours
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